4. If 30 men can do a piece of work in 43 many days will it take 1 man to do it ? 5. If '70 men can do a piece of work in 83 many men will it take to do it in one day ? 6. If the pendulum of a clock swing once in how many times will it swing in an hour ? II times in a day? How many times in a week? 7. How many seconds are there in 10 min. 23 s 8. How many minutes are there in 7 h. 23 min. 9. How many minutes are there in 3d. 7 h. 43 10. How many seconds are there in 8 d. 7 h19 sec, ? 11. A garrison of 3,000 men are to be paid, man is to receive 123 dollars. How many dollars all receive ? 12. What cost 300barrels of cider at $3.50 a bar 13. There are 320 rods in a mile, how many there in 7 miles? How many in 10 miles? How 30 miles? How many in 500 miles ? 14. Multiply 34 by 2018. Multiply 4,007 15. 57 11,600 16. 250 60 20. 4,960 17. 387 5,000 21. 13,400 VII. 1. What will 17 oxen come to 42 dollars Note. Find the price of 10 oxen and of 7 oxe rately, and then add them together. 2. What will 34 barrels of flour come to, at barrel ? Note. Find the price of 30 barrels and of 4 barre rately, and then add them together. 3. What cost 19 gallons of wine, at $1.28 a gallo 4. What cost 68 yards of cloth, at $9.36 a yard ? 5. What will 87 thousand of boards come to, at thousand ? 6. What will 58 barrels of beef come to, at $9.75 a 7. What will 87 gallons of brandy come to, at : gallon ! 8. A and B depart from the same place and trave posite directions, A at the rate of 38 miles in a day at the rate of 42 miles a day. How far apart will the the end of the first day? How far at the end of 15 How many 9. What will 237 barrels of turpentine come to, at $3.25 a barrel ? Note. Find the price of 200 barrels, of 80 barrels, and of 7 barrels separately, and then add them together. 10. What will 358 barrels of beef come to, at $7.55 a barrel ? 11. A drover bought 853 sheep at an average price of $3.58 apiece. What were the whole worth? 12. A merchant bought 105 hundred weight of lead, at $17.33 a hundred weight ; how much did the whole come to? 13. If a ship sail 8 miles in an hour, how many miles will she sail in a day, at that rate? How far in 127 days? 14. An army of 8,975 men are to receive 138 dollars apiece. How many dollars will they all receive ? 15. An army of 11,327 men are to receive a year's pay, at the rate of 5 dollars a month for each man. dollars will they all receive ? 16. Bought 207 chaldrons of coal, at $12.375 a chaldron. How much did it come to ? 17. Bought 857 pounds of sugar at $0.125 a pound. How much did it come to ? 18. Shipped 350 casks of butter worth $14.50 a cask. What was the value of the whole ? 19. What cost 354 futher of lead, at $63.57 a fother? 20. What cost 25,837 gallons of brandy, at $2.375 a gallon ? 21. If it cost $23.56 to clothe a soldier 1 year, how many dollars will it cost to clothe an army of 15,200 men the same time ? Mul iply 887 by 47 23. 6,300 250 24. 1,006 308 25. 15,030 1,005 20. 38,446 2,700 27. 487,500 38,400 28. 7,035,064 30,704 29. 9,800,000 37,000 30. 78,508,060 300,005 31. 43,060,085 703,004 22. Miscellaneous Examples. 1. If 1 pound of tobacco cost 28 cents, what will a keg of tobacco, weighing 112 pounds, cost ? 16 drams (dr.) make 1 ounce, marked 16 ounces 1 pourid 28 pounds 1 quarter 4 quarters I hundred weight 20 hundred weight 1 ton By this weight are weighed all things of a ce drossy nature; such as butter, cheese, flesh, groce and all metals except goid and silver. 2. At 12 cents per lb. how much will l quarter come to ? 3. If 1 quarter of sugar cost 7 dollars, what wi cost ? 4. Ilow many pounds are there in 1 cwt. ? sugar ? TROY WEIGHT. 24 grains (gr.) make 1 penny-weight, marked 20 penny-weights 1 ounce 12 ounces 1 pound By this weight are weighed gold, silver, jewei bread, and liquors. 13. If an ingot of silver weigh 42 oz. 13 dwt., w worth at 4 cents per dwt. ? 14. What is the value of a silver cup weighing dwt. 16 gr. at 3 mills per grain ? 15. In 15 ingots of gold each weighing 9 oz. i gr. how many grains ? APOTHECARIES' WEIGHT. 20 grains (gr.) make 1 scruple, marked sc. 3 scruples 1 dram dr. 8 drams 1 ounce 12 ounces 1 pound Ib. oz. Apothecaries use this weight in compounding their medicines, but they buy and sell by Avoirdupois weight. Apo thecaries' is the same as Troy weight, having only some dif ferent divisions. 16. In Ib. 8 3. 1 3. 2 sc. 19 gr. how many grains ? DRY MEASURE. 1 peck 2 pints (pt.) make 1 quart, marked qt. pk. 1 bushel bu. 8 busbals quarter qr. By this measure, salt, ore, oysters, corn, and other dry goods are measured. 17. At 43 cents a peck, what cost 14 bu. 3 pks. of wheat ? 18. At 3 cents a quart what will 5 bu. 2 pks. 3 qts. of salt come to ? CLOTH MEASURE. Ell Eng. 2 inches (in.) make 1 nail, marked nl. 1 quarter qr. 4 quarters 1 yard yd. 3 quarters 1 ell Flemish Eil FI. 5 quarters 1 ell English 5 quarters 1 aune or ell French. 19. At :27 cents a nail, what is the price of 2 yds. 1 qr. 3 uls. of cloth. 20. It 1 qr. cost $2,50, what cost 43 ells English of broadcloth ? 21. At 42 cents a nail, what cost 13 ells Fl. 3 qrs. of broadclotk ? 22. How many seconds are there in 4 years ? 23. How many seconds are there in 8 y. 3 mo. 2 wks. 2 d. 19 h. 43 min. 57 sec. ? 24. How many calendar months are there from the 1st Feb. 1819, to thic 1st August, 1822 ? ( 25. How many days are there from the 7th Sept. 1817, to the 17th May, 1822 ? 26. How many minutes are there from the 13th July, at 43 minutes after 9 in the morning, to the 5th Nov. at 19 min. past 3 in the afternoon ? 27. ITow many seconds old are you? | &. Ilow many seconds from the commencement Christian era to the year 1822 ? 1 29. At 4 cents an ounce, how much would 3 cw 18 lb. 7 oz. of snuff come to ? 30. At 28 cents a pound, what would 3 T. 2 cw1 16 lb. of tobacco come to ? 31. If a cannon ball flies 8 miles in a minute, 1 would it fly at that rate in 7 y. 2 mo. 3 wks. 2 days? 32. If a quantity of provision will last 324 men how many men will it last one day? 33. A garrison of 527 men have provision sufficien 47 days, if each man is allowed 15 oz. a day; hov days would it last if each inan were allowed only day? 34. A garrison of 527 men have provision sufficien 47 days, if each man is allowed 15 oz. a day; hoy men would it serve the same time, if each man were ed only 1 oz. a day? 35. If a man performs a journey in 58 days, by tra 9 hours in a day, how many hours is he performing i 36. If by working 13 hours in a day a man can i a piece of work in 217 days; how long would it take do it if he worked only 1 hour in a day? 37. If by labouring 14 hours in a day 237 men ca a ship in 132 days, how many days would it take th they work only 1 hour in a day? How many men it take to do it in 132 days, if they work only 1 hou day? 38. How many yards of cloth that is 1 qr, wide, ar to 27 yards that is 1 yd. wide ? 39. If a piece of cloth that is 1 qr. wide is worth what is a piece containing the same number of yards same kind of cloth worth, that is 1 yd. wide ? 40. If a bushel of wheat afford 65 eight-penny how many penny loaves may be obtained from it? 41. What is the price of 4 pieces of cloth, the fir taining 21 yards, at $4.75 a yard; the second contais yards, at $7.25 a yard; the third containing 18 ya $9.00 a yard; and the fourth containing 32 yards, a a yard? 42. A man bought 15 lb. of beef, at 9 cents a 28 lb. of sugar, at $0.125 a pound; 18 gallons of v |